Resources and Links                                                              


Fine-art printmaking:
Fine-art printmaking involves transferring an image from a plate to another surface such as paper. Hand-pulled original prints can be one-of-a-kind, or limited-editions (multiples) depending on the methods used.

Fine-art and limited-edition prints should not be confused with giclées which are reproductions and not original artwork. See Prints versus Reproductions by Carolyn Blakeslee. http://www.artcalendar.com/article.asp?ID=80

Chine Collé:
Torn paper (sometimes Japanese papers) is placed on an inked plate and then printed. That paper becomes attached to the final print, with the inked image appearing on both.

A collagraph plate is made by putting textured materials (gels, modeling pastes, found objects, fabrics, organic materials, and cardboard shapes) onto a hard flat surface. You ink and wipe the recessed areas (intaglio), roll ink upon the raised areas (relief), or print inkless (emboss). The image is usually transferred on an etching press.

Intaglio processes include etching, engraving, drypoint, mezzotint, aquatint, soft ground, and lift ground, or a combination. The imagery is incised into a plate with various tools or by etching. Traditional plates are zinc, copper, and plexiglass. More contemporary ones are solarplate and Itaglio-Type. The incised areas are inked, the surface wiped, and the plate is printed on an etching press. Editions can be made.

An embossed print has raised areas throughout the print from the incised areas of the plate.
À la poupée means the printer uses several different colors of ink on the intaglio plate.

Mixed Media:
Contemporary printmakers sometimes do hand-coloring, apply paints, pastels, crayon, and pencils marks, or add collage, digital imagery, and found objects to there monotypes and monoprints.

A monotype uses a combination of printmaking, painting, and drawing techniques which are created on top of a plate and are transferred to paper (or other surfaces) by hand or on a printing press. Plates can be metal, glass, Plexiglass, mylar, and wood. Brushes, brayers, rollers and other tools are used to apply printmaking inks, various paints, and solvents. Pencils and crayons also create the imagery. This process results in a one-of-a-kind print. 1/1

A monoprint is similar to a monotype, but it also includes other reproducible printmaking processes such as intaglio, lithography, woodcut, linocuts, and silkscreen. This process results in a one-of-a-kind print. 1/1

In lithography, the chemical reaction of water versus grease creates the printed image. The surface of a stone or metal plate is built up with greasy substances (tusche, crayon, pencils) which are etched and fixed. The surface remains smooth, unlike an intaglio plate which is incised. Ink is rolled onto the plate, using water and gum arabic washing and wiping techniques. It is printed on a lithography press. Editions can be made.

In relief printing, the surface of the plate produces the image. If plate areas are cut away, they do not print. The plate is rolled with brayers or rollers and can be printed by hand (rubbing with a special tools) or on a press. Woodcuts, linocuts, stencil, stamping, plaster blocks, and collage relief are examples of relief printing. Relief rolls on mylar shapes or illustration board cutouts are common ways way to create background colors for intaglio prints.

Silkscreen / Screen print /Serigraph:
Very fine fabric (silk) is stretched over a frame, and stenciled areas are blocked out. Ink is passed through the open areas to transfer the image to the final surface (paper, cloth…).

A solarplate is a thin light/photo sensitive steel backed polymer plate that is exposed with U.V. light and developed with water. It is an intaglio plate.

Xerox Printing / Gum Arabic Transfer:
Black and white Xerox images are used as a paper litho plate. The Xerox plates are inked, washed, and wiped with gum arabic in a similar manner to lithograph printing.


News article about making Arborglyphs monoprints.

Linda C Everson talks about printmaking.

ArtistsRegister.com - Linda C. Everson

ArtBizCoach.com - Marketing and Business Coaching for Artists

ArtworkNetwork.com - Online gallery of artists, plus art consulting services.

Blog Talk Radio - Annette Coleman - Thursday night web based audio discussion between hosts and artists about visual art.

DanielSmith.com - finest quality artist materials

Graphic Chemical Ink Company - Inks, tools, papers, supplies

NonToxicPrint.com -
A Research Resource and Practical Guide for Printmakers, Artists and Educators

Professional Artist Magazine - A business magazine and online source for visual artists. http://professionalartistmag.com

SolarPlate.com - Solar Etching, an  innovative, safer approach to printmaking

WhiteWingDesign.com - Web sites designed for artists

8888-Art-Look - An audio service where viewers can hear descriptions of the artwork on their cell phones.